From supporting a healthy libido to building muscle mass, testosterone is an important hormone that has a massive influence on men’s health. Testosterone levels (sometimes called T levels) decline with age.
The effects of “low-T” are cumulative, meaning the lower they go, the more you feel the symptoms. Many men say that the more their testosterone levels decline, the older they feel. Want to know how to increase testosterone? Read on!
Although some men seek out anti-aging clinics and testosterone therapy, there’s actually an array of strategies — from exercise and diet to vitamins, minerals, and hormone-boosting herbs — that can support healthy testosterone levels naturally. You can even eat certain foods that increase testosterone as part of a healthy lifestyle.
Here, we’ll describe and compare some of the lifestyle-oriented initiatives that men can take to encourage a healthy balance of this important hormone.
What Does Testosterone Do?
In men, the testes produce most of your testosterone. In women, the ovaries produce testosterone. The adrenal gland produces some testosterone in both sexes.
In addition to enhancing sex drive in both men and women, testosterone plays a key role in the growth and repair of reproductive tissues.
In men, the hormone also promotes masculine or male characteristics during puberty and throughout life, such as a deep voice, body and facial hair growth, increased muscle growth, and greater bone mass.
Testosterone also helps the body produce red blood cells and sperm and plays a supporting role in the overall health of your body. Last but not least, low levels of testosterone may contribute to belly fat.
Natural Ways to Increase Testosterone
It also is not necessary, since many natural methods — including exercise, diet modification, stress reduction, and supplements to increase testosterone — work quite well! Below are some of the best tried-and-true natural solutions to increasing testosterone, no matter your age.
Go to the Gym
Getting regular physical activity is a great way to boost your testosterone. Studies show that men who are physically active produce more testosterone than men who aren’t — perhaps because exercise sends your body the message that it needs stronger muscles and bones.
The best workouts for increasing testosterone are weight lifting and high-intensity interval training — sometimes called HIIT.
Resistance training with weights is an excellent way to increase testosterone, as is high-intensity interval training (HIIT). Leg workouts may even be particularly effective at testosterone-boosting.
Being overweight leads to lower testosterone levels, but even obese individuals can offset the hormone’s loss with increased physical activity.
Get Quality Sleep
Science shows that lack of sleep impacts testosterone production.
While everyone is different and recommended sleep times can vary, aim for at least seven to nine hours of zzz’s nightly. If you’re having trouble sleeping, check out our article on how to get more sleep.
A higher weight usually means lower testosterone levels.
In other words, it’s a two-way street. If you are overweight with low-T levels, come up with a weight loss and calorie plan.
Need more ideas? Visit our weight loss tips article.
Eat Testosterone-Boosting Foods
Eating plenty of whole-food macronutrients — protein, carbohydrates, and fats — can help you maintain healthy testosterone levels.
In one study, hospital patients with depleted protein and fat reserves had lower total testosterone.Another study found that, while testosterone levels rise during exercise, eating carbohydrates helps to maintain high levels during rest periods as well.
Make sure you eat healthy carbs, like those in organic fruit and vegetables, and plant-based proteins, like legumes, nuts, and gluten-free protein-rich grains like quinoa, rather than processed, sugar-heavy foods.
Did you know that red meat can lower your sex hormones and sperm count?
Avoid meat! One study reported that men who ate processed red meat had a lower sperm count than men who did not eat processed red meat.
Also, be sure to add healthy fats to your diet. Avocados, nuts, and seeds are all great sources. Swapping out saturated fats (such as butter) for monounsaturated healthy fats such as olive oil can support testosterone production. Exceptions exist, such as coconut oil, which has different effects on metabolism than other saturated fats.
Take Herbs, Vitamins, & Minerals
A deficiency of certain vitamins and minerals could be a culprit in low testosterone. Be sure that you get enough vitamin D, zinc, and magnesium in particular. Also, try herbs such as fenugreek and ashwagandha, which may act as natural testosterone boosters.
The exact relationship of vitamin D levels and testosterone is complex as vitamin D is believed to be involved with the synthesis of the testosterone hormone, not the direct production. Other ways to raise vitamin D levels include getting enough sunshine and eating foods rich in vitamin D.
An essential dietary mineral, zinc also affects testosterone levels. Zinc deficiency can lead to low-T and zinc supplementation can support normal levels of the hormone. In one study, a supplement of 30 mg of zinc per day helped raise testosterone in zinc-deficient men.
Both athletes and sedentary men who supplemented with 10 mg of magnesium per kilogram of body weight (e.g., 680 mg daily for a man weighing 68 kg, or 150 pounds) increased their testosterone levels — although the effect was greater for the men who also exercised.
Be sure to eat plenty of avocados, bananas, spinach, legumes, nuts, and seeds — all good sources of dietary magnesium.
A medicinal herb in traditional Asian medicine, fenugreek may help to boost testosterone levels. In one study, a daily supplement of 500 mg of fenugreek boosted testosterone in men who also engaged in resistance training. Another study found that men who took 600 mg of fenugreek daily reported a boost in libido and sexual function. You can find fenugreek in the spice aisle, or take it as a supplement.
Healthcare providers who are trained in the traditional Indian medicine known as Ayurveda may recommend the herb ashwagandha for male sexual dysfunction and infertility.
Another herb that’s popular in traditional Asian medicine, Tribulus terrestris enjoys a reputation as a natural aphrodisiac that can support healthy sex drive and optimal testosterone levels.
Tribulus supplementation showed a 16 percent increase in testosterone levels. One study found an improvement in sexual health symptoms after 60 days of taking tribulus, including a jump in testosterone levels.
A hormone produced in the adrenal glands, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is also available as a supplement made from wild yam. DHEA plays a role in the formation of both testosterone and estrogen, functioning as a precursor to both hormones in the body.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
The researchers found that EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) — an omega-3 fatty acid — played an important role in testosterone metabolism. The healthiest option is a plant-based omega-3 supplement made from microalgae oil.
A natural amino acid that is available in supplement form, D-aspartic acid plays a role in the production and release of testosterone in the body.
In one small study, men given a daily dose of D-aspartic acid for 12 days had increased testosterone production.
Reduce Your Stress Levels
Stress has harmful effects on every aspect of your health, including reproductive health. Released during stress, the “stress hormone” cortisol can impede testosterone, blocking its effect in the body.
Even in women, stress can effectively lower testosterone levels, as evidenced in a study of female students anticipating an important exam.
Try reducing stress by incorporating meditation, deep breathing exercises, taking relaxing walks, listening to music, and even dancing. For more ideas, check out our article on how to manage your stress.
Cut Out Alcohol
Several studies link higher alcohol consumption with lower testosterone levels. Even moderate alcohol, consumed regularly, can impact your production of the hormone.
Beer contains hops, a phytoestrogen (a plant form of estrogen). It’s also packaged in aluminum cans with plastic liners, both of which can affect hormone levels. In one study, blood testosterone decreased by 6.8 percent in men who drank beer with dinner during two successive periods of three weeks. If you’re concerned about low-T it may be time to give up beer, and other alcohol as well.
Avoid Endocrine-Disrupting Hormones
It’s no secret that human-created chemicals permeate the world, from the BPA in canned food to pesticide residue on your produce. Some of these chemicals are xenoestrogens — compounds that mimic estrogen — which can impede the production of testosterone in the body.
One study linked prenatal and childhood exposure to BPA and phthalates with lower testosterone levels in adolescence. To avoid these chemicals, eat organic and read the labels on your household and cosmetic products.
Signs & Causes of Low Testosterone
When testosterone drops below the normal range, you may notice changes including:
- Low sex drive
- Erectile dysfunction
- Low energy
- Increased body fat
- Reduced muscle mass
- Reduced bone mass
- Mood changes such as depression or irritability
- Reduced body or facial hair
In addition to normal aging, causes of low testosterone can range from hormonal disorders and infection to chronic illness and obesity. Injury to the testicles, as well as testicular cancer, can also impact testosterone levels. In some instances, the reason for low-T is a mystery.
Normal Testosterone Levels
Although opinions differ about what constitutes low testosterone, the diagnosis usually accompanies a blood testosterone level of less than 300 ng/dL in men.
Points to Remember
Testosterone, the primary male sex hormone, plays a variety of roles in human health. Not only does it support libido and sexual health including playing a role in the production of sperm, but testosterone also helps build muscle and bone mass and helps your body produce red blood cells.
Testosterone levels naturally decline with age and can lead to symptoms such as fatigue, low motivation, lower sex drive, erectile dysfunction, increased body fat, and reduced muscle and bone mass.
As an alternative to traditional testosterone therapies like patches, gels, and injections, many natural remedies can also help bring this hormone back in balance in men.
Natural ways to boost testosterone include getting regular exercise and quality sleep, losing weight, avoiding alcohol, reducing stress, and preventing deficiencies of vitamin D, zinc, and magnesium. Aim to keep testosterone in the normal range, over 425 ng/dL, to avoid the symptoms of low-T.
What have you tried to increase your testosterone? Share your comments below!
- Vaamonde D, et al. Physically active men show better semen parameters and hormone values than sedentary men. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2012;112(9):3267-3273.
- Herbert P, et al. HIIT produces increases in muscle power and free testosterone in male masters athletes. Endocr Connect. 2017;6(7):430-436.
- Kumagai H, et al. Increased physical activity has a greater effect than reduced energy intake on lifestyle modification-induced increases in testosterone. J Clin Biochem Nutr. 2016;58(1):84-89.
- Goh VH, Tong TY. Sleep, sex steroid hormones, sexual activities, and aging in Asian men. J Androl. 2010;31(2):131-137.
- Andersen ML, et al. The association of testosterone, sleep, and sexual function in men and women. Brain Res. 2011;1416:80-104.
- Kelly DM, Jones TH. Testosterone and obesity. Obes Rev. 2015;16(7):581-606.
- Blaya R, et al. Low testosterone levels and metabolic syndrome in aging male. Curr Pharm Des. 2017;23(30):4470-4474.
- Lado-Abeal J, et al. Differences between men and women as regards the effects of protein-energy malnutrition on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Nutrition. 1999;15(5):351-358.
- Volek JS, et al. Testosterone and cortisol in relationship to dietary nutrients and resistance exercise. J Appl Physiol. 1997;82(1):49-54.
- Afeiche MC, et al. Meat intake and reproductive parameters among young men. Epidemiology. 2014;25(3):323-330.
- Derouiche A, et al. Effect of argan and olive oil consumption on the hormonal profile of androgens among healthy adult Moroccan men. Nat Prod Commun. 2013;8(1):51-53.
- Kaw K-T, et al. Randomised trial of coconut oil, olive oil or butter on blood lipids and other cardiovascular risk factors in healthy men and women. BMJ Open. 2018; 8(3):e020167.
- Pilz S, et al. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on testosterone levels in men. Horm Metab Res. 2011 Mar;43(3):223-225.
- Prasad AS, et al. Zinc status and serum testosterone levels of healthy adults. Nutrition. 1996;12(5):344-348.
- Maggio M, et al. The interplay between magnesium and testosterone in modulating physical function in men. Int J Endocrinol. 2014;2014:525249.
- Cinar V, et al. Effects of magnesium supplementation on testosterone levels of athletes and sedentary subjects at rest and after exhaustion. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011;140(1):18-23.
- Wilborn C, et al. Effects of a purported aromatase and 5α-reductase inhibitor on hormone profiles in college-age men. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2010;20(6):457-465.
- Steels E, et al. Physiological aspects of male libido enhanced by standardized Trigonella foenum-graecum extract and mineral formulation. Phytother Res. 2011;25(9):1294-1300.
- Ambiye VR, et al. Clinical evaluation of the spermatogenic activity of the root extract of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) in oligospermic males: a pilot study. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013;2013:571420.
- Sellandi TM, et al. Clinical study of Tribulus terrestris Linn. in Oligozoospermia: A double-blind study. Ayu. 2012;33(3):356-364.
- Martina V, et al. Short-term dehydroepiandrosterone treatment increases platelet cGMP production in elderly male subjects. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2006;64(3):260-264.
- Morales A, et al. Androgens and sexual function: a placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind study of testosterone vs. dehydroepiandrosterone in men with sexual dysfunction and androgen deficiency. Aging Male. 2009;12(4):104-112.
- Zaima N, et al. Effect of dietary fish oil on mouse testosterone level and the distribution of eicosapentaenoic acid-containing phosphatidylcholine in testicular interstitium. Biochem Biophys Rep. 2016;7:259-265.
- Topo E, et al. The role and molecular mechanism of D-aspartic acid in the release and synthesis of LH and testosterone in humans and rats. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2009;7:120.
- Mehta PH, Josephs RA. Testosterone and cortisol jointly regulate dominance: evidence for a dual-hormone hypothesis. Horm Behav. 2010;58(5):898-906.
- Kunstmann A, Christiansen K. Testosterone levels and stress in women: the role of stress coping strategies, anxiety and sex role identification. Anthropol Anz. 2004;62(3):311-321.
- La Vignera S, et al. Does alcohol have any effect on male reproductive function? A review of literature. Asian J Androl. 2013;15(2):221-225.
- Milligan SR, et al. Identification of a potent phytoestrogen in hops (Humulus lupulus L.) and beer. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999;84(6):2249-2252.
- Sierksma A, et al. Effect of moderate alcohol consumption on plasma dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, testosterone, and estradiol levels in middle-aged men and postmenopausal women: a diet-controlled intervention study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2004;28(5):780-785.
- Ferguson KK, et al. Prenatal and peripubertal phthalates and bisphenol A in relation to sex hormones and puberty in boys. Reprod Toxicol. 2014;47:70-76.
- Surampudi P, et al. An update on male hypogonadism therapy. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2014;15(9):1247-1264.
- Sowers MF, et al. Testosterone concentrations in women aged 25-50 years: associations with lifestyle, body composition, and ovarian status. Am J Epidemiol. 2001 Feb 1;153(3):256-264.